Nginx 安装配置

作者 : 开心源码 本文共5175个字,预计阅读时间需要13分钟 发布时间: 2022-05-11 共66人阅读

MySQL 是最流行的关系型数据库管理系统,由瑞典MySQL AB公司开发,目前属于Oracle公司。

MySQL所用的SQL语言是使用于访问数据库的最常使用标准化语言。

MySQL因为其体积小、速度快、总体拥有成本低,尤其是开放源码这一特点,一般中小型网站的开发都选择MySQL作为网站数据库。


MySQL 安装

本教程的系统平台:CentOS release 6.6 (Final) 64位。

一、安装编译工具及库文件

yum -y install gcc gcc-c++ make autoconf libtool-ltdl-devel gd-devel freetype-devel libxml2-devel libjpeg-devel libpng-devel openssl-devel curl-devel bison patch unzip libmcrypt-devel libmhash-devel ncurses-devel sudo bzip2 flex libaio-devel

二、 安装cmake 编译器

cmake 版本:cmake-3.1.1。

1、下载地址:http://www.cmake.org/files/v3.1/cmake-3.1.1.tar.gz

$ wget http://www.cmake.org/files/v3.1/cmake-3.1.1.tar.gz

Nginx 安装配置

2、解压安装包

$ tar zxvf cmake-3.1.1.tar.gz

3、进入安装包目录

$ cd cmake-3.1.1

4、编译安装

$ ./bootstrap$ make && make install

三、安装 MySQL

MySQL版本:mysql-5.6.15。

1、下载地址: http://dev.mysql.com/get/Downloads/MySQL-5.6/mysql-5.6.15.tar.gz

$ wget http://dev.mysql.com/get/Downloads/MySQL-5.6/mysql-5.6.15.tar.gz

Nginx 安装配置

2、解压安装包

$ tar zxvf mysql-5.6.15.tar.gz

3、进入安装包目录

$ cd mysql-5.6.15

4、编译安装

$ cmake -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/webserver/mysql/ -DMYSQL_UNIX_ADDR=/tmp/mysql.sock -DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8 -DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_ci -DWITH_EXTRA_CHARSETS=all -DWITH_MYISAM_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 -DWITH_INNOBASE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 -DWITH_MEMORY_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 -DWITH_READLINE=1 -DWITH_INNODB_MEMCACHED=1 -DWITH_DEBUG=OFF -DWITH_ZLIB=bundled -DENABLED_LOCAL_INFILE=1 -DENABLED_PROFILING=ON -DMYSQL_MAINTAINER_MODE=OFF -DMYSQL_DATADIR=/usr/local/webserver/mysql/data -DMYSQL_TCP_PORT=3306$ make && make install

5、查看mysql版本:

$ /usr/local/webserver/mysql/bin/mysql --version

Nginx 安装配置

到此,mysql安装完成。


MySQL 配置

1、创立mysql运行用的使用户mysql:

$ /usr/sbin/groupadd mysql$ /usr/sbin/useradd -g mysql mysql

2、创立binlog和库的存储路径并赋予mysql使用户权限

$ mkdir -p /usr/local/webserver/mysql/binlog /www/data_mysql$ chown mysql.mysql /usr/local/webserver/mysql/binlog/ /www/data_mysql/

3、创立my.cnf配置文件

将/etc/my.cnf替换为下面内容

$ cat /etc/my.cnf[client]port = 3306socket = /tmp/mysql.sock[mysqld]replicate-ignore-db = mysqlreplicate-ignore-db = testreplicate-ignore-db = information_schemauser = mysqlport = 3306socket = /tmp/mysql.sockbasedir = /usr/local/webserver/mysqldatadir = /www/data_mysqllog-error = /usr/local/webserver/mysql/mysql_error.logpid-file = /usr/local/webserver/mysql/mysql.pidopen_files_limit = 65535back_log = 600max_connections = 5000max_connect_errors = 1000table_open_cache = 1024external-locking = FALSEmax_allowed_packet = 32Msort_buffer_size = 1Mjoin_buffer_size = 1Mthread_cache_size = 600#thread_concurrency = 8query_cache_size = 128Mquery_cache_limit = 2Mquery_cache_min_res_unit = 2kdefault-storage-engine = MyISAMdefault-tmp-storage-engine=MYISAMthread_stack = 192Ktransaction_isolation = READ-COMMITTEDtmp_table_size = 128Mmax_heap_table_size = 128Mlog-slave-updateslog-bin = /usr/local/webserver/mysql/binlog/binlogbinlog-do-db=oa_fbbinlog-ignore-db=mysqlbinlog_cache_size = 4Mbinlog_format = MIXEDmax_binlog_cache_size = 8Mmax_binlog_size = 1Grelay-log-index = /usr/local/webserver/mysql/relaylog/relaylogrelay-log-info-file = /usr/local/webserver/mysql/relaylog/relaylogrelay-log = /usr/local/webserver/mysql/relaylog/relaylogexpire_logs_days = 10key_buffer_size = 256Mread_buffer_size = 1Mread_rnd_buffer_size = 16Mbulk_insert_buffer_size = 64Mmyisam_sort_buffer_size = 128Mmyisam_max_sort_file_size = 10Gmyisam_repair_threads = 1myisam_recoverinteractive_timeout = 120wait_timeout = 120skip-name-resolve#master-connect-retry = 10slave-skip-errors = 1032,1062,126,1114,1146,1048,1396#master-host = 192.168.1.2#master-user = username#master-password = password#master-port = 3306server-id = 1loose-innodb-trx=0 loose-innodb-locks=0 loose-innodb-lock-waits=0 loose-innodb-cmp=0 loose-innodb-cmp-per-index=0loose-innodb-cmp-per-index-reset=0loose-innodb-cmp-reset=0 loose-innodb-cmpmem=0 loose-innodb-cmpmem-reset=0 loose-innodb-buffer-page=0 loose-innodb-buffer-page-lru=0 loose-innodb-buffer-pool-stats=0 loose-innodb-metrics=0 loose-innodb-ft-default-stopword=0 loose-innodb-ft-inserted=0 loose-innodb-ft-deleted=0 loose-innodb-ft-being-deleted=0 loose-innodb-ft-config=0 loose-innodb-ft-index-cache=0 loose-innodb-ft-index-table=0 loose-innodb-sys-tables=0 loose-innodb-sys-tablestats=0 loose-innodb-sys-indexes=0 loose-innodb-sys-columns=0 loose-innodb-sys-fields=0 loose-innodb-sys-foreign=0 loose-innodb-sys-foreign-cols=0slow_query_log_file=/usr/local/webserver/mysql/mysql_slow.loglong_query_time = 1[mysqldump]quickmax_allowed_packet = 32M

4、初始化数据库

$/usr/local/webserver/mysql/scripts/mysql_install_db --defaults-file=/etc/my.cnf --user=mysql

显示如下信息:

Installing MySQL system tables...2015-01-26 20:18:51 0 [Warning] TIMESTAMP with implicit DEFAULT value is deprecated. Please use --explicit_defaults_for_timestamp server option (see documentation for more details).OKFilling help tables...2015-01-26 20:18:57 0 [Warning] TIMESTAMP with implicit DEFAULT value is deprecated. Please use --explicit_defaults_for_timestamp server option (see documentation for more details).OK...

5、创立开机启动脚本

$ cd /usr/local/webserver/mysql/$ cp support-files/mysql.server /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld $ chkconfig --add mysqld $ chkconfig --level 35 mysqld on

6、启动mysql服务器

$ service mysqld start

Nginx 安装配置

7、连接 MySQL

$ /usr/local/webserver/mysql/bin/mysql -u root -p

Nginx 安装配置

修改MySQL使用户密码

mysqladmin -u使用户名 -p旧密码 password 新密码

或者进入mysql命令行

SET PASSWORD FOR '使用户名'@'主机' = PASSWORD(‘密码');

创立新使用户并受权:

grant all privileges on *.* to 使用户名@'%' identified by '密码' with grant option;

其余命令

  • 启动:service mysqld start

  • 中止:service mysqld stop

  • 重启:service mysqld restart

  • 重载配置:service mysqld reload

Nginx 安装配置

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